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Career profile Greenhouse Worker

Also known as Farm Laborer, Field Irrigation Worker, Gardener, Greenhouse Worker, Grower, Harvester, Nursery Worker, Orchard Worker, Picker, Propagation Worker

Greenhouse Worker

Also known as Farm Laborer, Field Irrigation Worker, Gardener

Interests Profile
  • Realistic
  • Conventional
  • Investigative
Pay Range
$25,270 - $37,990 (annual)
Required Skills
  • Coordination
  • Critical Thinking
  • Active Listening
Knowledge Areas
  • Production and Processing
  • Food Production
  • Administration and Management
Core tasks
  • Plant, spray, weed, fertilize, water, and prune plants, shrubs, and trees, using gardening tools.
  • Sell and deliver plants and flowers to customers.
  • Sow grass seed, or plant plugs of grass.
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What does a Greenhouse Worker do?

Greenhouse Workers manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops.

In addition, Greenhouse Workers

  • use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives,
  • duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products,
  • may construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities.

What kind of tasks does a Greenhouse Worker perform regularly?

Greenhouse Workers are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

  • Harvest plants, and transplant or pot and label them.
  • Set up and operate irrigation equipment.
  • Operate tractors, tractor-drawn machinery, and self-propelled machinery to plow, harrow and fertilize soil, or to plant, cultivate, spray and harvest crops.
  • Repair and maintain farm vehicles, implements, and mechanical equipment.
  • Harvest fruits and vegetables by hand.
  • Clean work areas, and maintain grounds and landscaping.

The above responsibilities are specific to Greenhouse Workers. More generally, Greenhouse Workers are involved in several broader types of activities:

Handling and Moving Objects
Using hands and arms in handling, installing, positioning, and moving materials, and manipulating things.
Performing General Physical Activities
Performing physical activities that require considerable use of your arms and legs and moving your whole body, such as climbing, lifting, balancing, walking, stooping, and handling materials.
Getting Information
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.

What is a Greenhouse Worker salary?

The median salary for a Greenhouse Worker is $28,660, and the average salary is $30,140. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Greenhouse Worker salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.

Many Greenhouse Workers earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Greenhouse Workers earn less than $25,270 per year, 25% earn less than $27,070, 75% earn less than $31,310, and 90% earn less than $37,990.

Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Greenhouse Workers is expected to change by 5.3%, and there should be roughly 87,400 open positions for Greenhouse Workers every year.

Median annual salary
Typical salary range
$25,270 - $37,990
Projected growth (2020 - 2030)

What personality traits are common among Greenhouse Workers?


Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.

Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Greenhouse Worker are usually higher in their Realistic interests.

Greenhouse Workers typically have very strong Realistic interests. Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.


People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Compared to most people, those working as a Greenhouse Worker tend to value Support, Relationships, and Achievement.

Most importantly, Greenhouse Workers moderately value Support. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer supportive management that stands behind employees.

Second, Greenhouse Workers moderately value Relationships. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment.

Lastly, Greenhouse Workers somewhat value Achievement. Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

Psychological Demands

Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.

In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Greenhouse Workers must consistently demonstrate qualities such as dependability, attention to detail, and cooperation.

Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Greenhouse Workers, ranked by importance:

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Attention to Detail
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.

What education and training do Greenhouse Workers need?

Working as a Greenhouse Worker may require a high school diploma or GED certificate.

Greenhouse Workers need anywhere from a few days to a few months of training. Usually, an experienced worker could show you how to do the job.

Educational degrees among Greenhouse Workers

  • 49.9% did not complete high school or secondary school
  • 28.0% completed high school or secondary school
  • 10.6% completed some college coursework
  • 4.0% earned a Associate's degree
  • 6.2% earned a Bachelor's degree
  • 0.9% earned a Master's degree
  • 0.3% earned a doctorate or professional degree

Knowledge and expertise required by Greenhouse Workers

Greenhouse Workers may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as production and processing, food production, or administration and management knowledge.

The list below shows several areas in which most Greenhouse Workers might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.

Production and Processing
Knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques for maximizing the effective manufacture and distribution of goods.
Food Production
Knowledge of techniques and equipment for planting, growing, and harvesting food products (both plant and animal) for consumption, including storage/handling techniques.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of principles and methods for moving people or goods by air, rail, sea, or road, including the relative costs and benefits.

Important Abilities needed by Greenhouse Workers

Greenhouse Workers must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.

For example, Greenhouse Workers need abilities such as multilimb coordination, static strength, and manual dexterity in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Greenhouse Workers, ranked by their relative importance.

Multilimb Coordination
The ability to coordinate two or more limbs (for example, two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm) while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
Static Strength
The ability to exert maximum muscle force to lift, push, pull, or carry objects.
Manual Dexterity
The ability to quickly move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects.
Trunk Strength
The ability to use your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.
Arm-Hand Steadiness
The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving your arm or while holding your arm and hand in one position.

Critical Skills needed by Greenhouse Workers

Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.

Greenhouse Workers frequently use skills like coordination, critical thinking, and active listening to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Greenhouse Workers, ranked by their relative importance.

Adjusting actions in relation to others' actions.
Critical Thinking
Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Monitoring/Assessing performance of yourself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements or take corrective action.

What is the source of this information?

The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.

If you have any questions or suggestions about this information, please send a message.