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Career profile Tutor

Also known as Academic Guidance Specialist, Accounting/Finance Tutor, Educational Advisor, Professional Tutor


Also known as Academic Guidance Specialist, Accounting/Finance Tutor, Educational Advisor

Interests Profile
  • Social
  • Investigative
  • Artistic
Pay Range
$22,110 - $91,630 (annual)
Required Skills
  • Instructing
  • Active Listening
  • Learning Strategies
Knowledge Areas
  • Education and Training
  • Customer and Personal Service
  • Mathematics
Core tasks
  • Provide feedback to students, using positive reinforcement techniques to encourage, motivate, or build confidence in students.
  • Teach students study skills, note-taking skills, and test-taking strategies.
  • Review class material with students by discussing text, working solutions to problems, or reviewing worksheets or other assignments.
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What does a Tutor do?

Tutors instruct individual students or small groups of students in academic subjects to support formal class instruction or to prepare students for standardized or admissions tests.

What kind of tasks does a Tutor perform regularly?

Tutors are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

  • Provide feedback to students, using positive reinforcement techniques to encourage, motivate, or build confidence in students.
  • Teach students study skills, note-taking skills, and test-taking strategies.
  • Review class material with students by discussing text, working solutions to problems, or reviewing worksheets or other assignments.
  • Provide private instruction to individual or small groups of students to improve academic performance, improve occupational skills, or prepare for academic or occupational tests.
  • Assess students' progress throughout tutoring sessions.
  • Schedule tutoring appointments with students or their parents.
  • Monitor student performance or assist students in academic environments, such as classrooms, laboratories, or computing centers.
  • Organize tutoring environment to promote productivity and learning.
  • Participate in training and development sessions to improve tutoring practices or learn new tutoring techniques.
  • Develop teaching or training materials, such as handouts, study materials, or quizzes.
  • Maintain records of students' assessment results, progress, feedback, or school performance, ensuring confidentiality of all records.
  • Prepare lesson plans or learning modules for tutoring sessions according to students' needs and goals.
  • Collaborate with students, parents, teachers, school administrators, or counselors to determine student needs, develop tutoring plans, or assess student progress.
  • Prepare and facilitate tutoring workshops, collaborative projects, or academic support sessions for small groups of students.
  • Research or recommend textbooks, software, equipment, or other learning materials to complement tutoring.

The above responsibilities are specific to Tutors. More generally, Tutors are involved in several broader types of activities:

Training and Teaching Others
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
Developing constructive and cooperative working relationships with others, and maintaining them over time.
Getting Information
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
Coaching and Developing Others
Identifying the developmental needs of others and coaching, mentoring, or otherwise helping others to improve their knowledge or skills.

What is a Tutor salary?

The median salary for a Tutor is $40,590, and the average salary is $50,390. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Tutor salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.

Many Tutors earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Tutors earn less than $22,110 per year, 25% earn less than $28,840, 75% earn less than $63,170, and 90% earn less than $91,630.

Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Tutors is expected to change by 15.6%, and there should be roughly 53,000 open positions for Tutors every year.

Median annual salary
Typical salary range
$22,110 - $91,630
Projected growth (2020 - 2030)

What personality traits are common among Tutors?


Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.

Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Tutor are usually higher in their Social and Investigative interests.

Tutors typically have very strong Social interests. Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.

Also, Tutors typically have strong Investigative interests. Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.


People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.

Compared to most people, those working as a Tutor tend to value Relationships, Independence, and Achievement.

Most importantly, Tutors very strongly value Relationships. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to provide service to others and work with co-workers in a friendly non-competitive environment.

Second, Tutors strongly value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.

Lastly, Tutors strongly value Achievement. Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.

Psychological Demands

Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.

In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Tutors must consistently demonstrate qualities such as dependability, concern for others, and integrity.

Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Tutors, ranked by importance:

Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Concern for Others
Job requires being sensitive to others' needs and feelings and being understanding and helpful on the job.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.
Job requires maintaining composure, keeping emotions in check, controlling anger, and avoiding aggressive behavior, even in very difficult situations.

What education and training do Tutors need?

Many Tutors will have a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.

Tutors usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.

Educational degrees among Tutors

  • 1.9% did not complete high school or secondary school
  • 9.9% completed high school or secondary school
  • 16.6% completed some college coursework
  • 8.4% earned a Associate's degree
  • 37.1% earned a Bachelor's degree
  • 21.5% earned a Master's degree
  • 4.7% earned a doctorate or professional degree

Knowledge and expertise required by Tutors

Tutors may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as education and training, customer and personal service, or mathematics knowledge.

The list below shows several areas in which most Tutors might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.

Education and Training
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of human behavior and performance; individual differences in ability, personality, and interests; learning and motivation; psychological research methods; and the assessment and treatment of behavioral and affective disorders.
Sociology and Anthropology
Knowledge of group behavior and dynamics, societal trends and influences, human migrations, ethnicity, cultures, and their history and origins.

Important Abilities needed by Tutors

Tutors must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.

For example, Tutors need abilities such as oral expression, oral comprehension, and speech clarity in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Tutors, ranked by their relative importance.

Oral Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
Oral Comprehension
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Speech Clarity
The ability to speak clearly so others can understand you.
Written Comprehension
The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.
Written Expression
The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing so others will understand.

Critical Skills needed by Tutors

Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.

Tutors frequently use skills like instructing, active listening, and learning strategies to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Tutors, ranked by their relative importance.

Teaching others how to do something.
Active Listening
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
Learning Strategies
Selecting and using training/instructional methods and procedures appropriate for the situation when learning or teaching new things.
Reading Comprehension
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work-related documents.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.

What is the source of this information?

The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.

If you have any questions or suggestions about this information, please send a message.