Also known as City Engineer, Civil Engineer, County Engineer, Design Engineer, Project Engineer, Railroad Design Consultant, Structural Engineer
Also known as City Engineer, Civil Engineer, County Engineer
Civil Engineers perform engineering duties in planning, designing, and overseeing construction and maintenance of building structures and facilities, such as roads, railroads, airports, bridges, harbors, channels, dams, irrigation projects, pipelines, power plants, and water and sewage systems.
Civil Engineers are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:
The above responsibilities are specific to Civil Engineers. More generally, Civil Engineers are involved in several broader types of activities:
The median salary for a Civil Engineer is $88,570, and the average salary is $95,440. Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Civil Engineer salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.
Many Civil Engineers earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors. About 10% of Civil Engineers earn less than $56,160 per year, 25% earn less than $69,100, 75% earn less than $115,110, and 90% earn less than $144,810.
Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Civil Engineers is expected to change by 8.2%, and there should be roughly 25,000 open positions for Civil Engineers every year.
Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.
Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Civil Engineer are usually higher in their Realistic, Investigative, and Conventional interests.
Civil Engineers typically have very strong Realistic interests. Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.
Also, Civil Engineers typically have very strong Investigative interests. Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Lastly, Civil Engineers typically have moderate Conventional interests. Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.
Compared to most people, those working as a Civil Engineer tend to value Independence, Working Conditions, and Recognition.
Most importantly, Civil Engineers very strongly value Independence. Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.
Second, Civil Engineers strongly value Working Conditions. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions.
Lastly, Civil Engineers strongly value Recognition. Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious.
Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.
In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Civil Engineers must consistently demonstrate qualities such as integrity, dependability, and attention to detail.
Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Civil Engineers, ranked by importance:
Many Civil Engineers will have a four-year bachelor's degree, but some do not.
Civil Engineers usually need several years of work-related experience, on-the-job training, and/or vocational training.
Civil Engineers may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as design, engineering and technology, or building and construction knowledge.
The list below shows several areas in which most Civil Engineers might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.
Civil Engineers must develop a particular set of abilities to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.
For example, Civil Engineers need abilities such as inductive reasoning, oral comprehension, and written comprehension in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Civil Engineers, ranked by their relative importance.
Skills are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in real-world settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.
Civil Engineers frequently use skills like active listening, critical thinking, and mathematics to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Civil Engineers, ranked by their relative importance.
The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.
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