Career profile
Also known as Adjunct Mathematics Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Instructor, Math Teacher, Mathematical Sciences Professor, Mathematics Instructor (Math Instructor), Mathematics Lecturer, Mathematics Professor, Professor
Mathematics Professor
Also known as Adjunct Mathematics Instructor, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor

Interests Profile


Social

Investigative

Conventional

Pay Range

$38,730  $154,750 (annual)

Required Skills


Mathematics

Speaking

Instructing

Knowledge Areas


Mathematics

Education and Training

Computers and Electronics

Core tasks


Compile, administer, and grade examinations or assign this work to others.

Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, papers, and oral presentations.

Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as anatomy, therapeutic recreation, and conditioning theory.
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What does a Mathematics Professor do?
Mathematics Professors teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts, statistics, and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations.
In addition, Mathematics Professors includes both teachers primarily engaged in teaching and those who do a combination of teaching and research.
What kind of tasks does a Mathematics Professor perform regularly?
Mathematics Professors are often responsible for overseeing or executing some or all of the following tasks:

Compile, administer, and grade examinations or assign this work to others.

Evaluate and grade students' class work, assignments, papers, and oral presentations.

Prepare and deliver lectures to undergraduate or graduate students on topics such as anatomy, therapeutic recreation, and conditioning theory.

Maintain student attendance records, grades, and other required records.

Prepare course materials, such as syllabi, homework assignments, or handouts.

Plan, evaluate, and revise curricula, course content, course materials, and methods of instruction.

Maintain regularly scheduled office hours to advise and assist students.

Initiate, facilitate, and moderate classroom discussions.

Keep abreast of developments and technological advances in the communication field by reading current literature, talking with colleagues, and participating in professional conferences.

Select and obtain materials and supplies, such as textbooks and performance pieces.

Collaborate with colleagues to address teaching and research issues.

Advise students on academic and vocational curricula, and on career issues.

Serve on academic or administrative committees that deal with institutional policies, departmental matters, and academic issues.
The above responsibilities are specific to Mathematics Professors. More generally, Mathematics Professors are involved in several broader types of activities:
Activities

Importance 
Details 
Training and Teaching Others


Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.

Getting Information


Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.

Working with Computers


Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.

Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates


Providing information to supervisors, coworkers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, email, or in person.

Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others


Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.

Training and Teaching Others
Identifying the educational needs of others, developing formal educational or training programs or classes, and teaching or instructing others.
Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.
Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.
Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates
Providing information to supervisors, coworkers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, email, or in person.
Interpreting the Meaning of Information for Others
Translating or explaining what information means and how it can be used.
What is a Mathematics Professor salary?
The median salary for a Mathematics Professor is
$73,650,
and the average salary is
$86,760.
Both the median and average roughly describe the middle of the Mathematics Professor salary range, but the average is more easily affected by extremely high or low salaries.
Many Mathematics Professors earn significantly more or less than the average, due to several factors.
About 10% of Mathematics Professors earn less than $38,730 per year,
25% earn less than $53,970,
75% earn
less than $106,580, and
90% earn
less than $154,750.
Between the years of 2020 and 2030, the number of Mathematics Professors is expected to change by 5.5%, and there should be roughly 5,600 open positions for Mathematics Professors every year.

Median annual salary

$73,650

Typical salary range

$38,730 
$154,750

Projected growth (2020  2030)

5.5%
What personality traits are common among Mathematics Professors?
Interests
Career interests describe a person's preferences for different types of working environments and activities. When a person's interest match the demands of an occupation, people are usually more engaged and satisfied in that role.
Compared to most occupations, those who work as a Mathematics Professor are usually higher in their
Social,
Investigative, and
Conventional
interests.
Mathematics Professors typically have very strong
Social
interests. Social occupations frequently involve working with, communicating with, and teaching people. These occupations often involve helping or providing service to others.
Also,
Mathematics Professors typically have strong
Investigative
interests. Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.
Lastly,
Mathematics Professors typically have moderate
Conventional
interests. Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.
Mathematics Professors typically have moderate
Artistic
interests. Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require selfexpression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.
Values
People differ in their values, or what is most important to them for building job satisfaction and fulfillment.
Compared to most people, those working as a Mathematics Professor tend to value
Achievement,
Independence, and
Recognition.
Most importantly,
Mathematics Professors very strongly value
Achievement.
Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment.
Second,
Mathematics Professors strongly value
Independence.
Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employees to work on their own and make decisions.
Lastly,
Mathematics Professors strongly value
Recognition.
Occupations that satisfy this work value offer advancement, potential for leadership, and are often considered prestigious.
Psychological Demands
Each occupation brings its own set of psychological demands, which describe the characteristics necessary to perform the job well.
In order to perform their job successfully, people who work as Mathematics Professors must consistently demonstrate qualities such as
analytical thinking,
integrity, and
independence.
Below, you'll find a list of qualities typically required of Mathematics Professors, ranked by importance:
Demands

Importance 
Details 
Analytical Thinking


Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address workrelated issues and problems.

Integrity


Job requires being honest and ethical.

Independence


Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.

Dependability


Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.

Attention to Detail


Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.

Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address workrelated issues and problems.
Job requires being honest and ethical.
Job requires developing one's own ways of doing things, guiding oneself with little or no supervision, and depending on oneself to get things done.
Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.
Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.
What education and training do Mathematics Professors need?
Many Mathematics Professors have earned a graduate degree. For example, they may require a master's degree, and some require a doctoral degree, such as a Ph.D., M.D., or J.D..
Mathematics Professors may need some onthejob training, but most candidates will already have the required skills, knowledge, workrelated experience, and/or training.
Educational degrees among Mathematics Professors

0.6% did not complete
high school or secondary school

1.4% completed
high school or secondary school

2.0% completed
some college coursework

1.8% earned a
Associate's degree

14.6% earned a
Bachelor's degree

32.1% earned a
Master's degree

47.4% earned a
doctorate or professional degree
Knowledge and expertise required by Mathematics Professors
Mathematics Professors may benefit from understanding of specialized subject areas, such as
mathematics,
education and training, or
computers and electronics
knowledge.
The list below shows several areas in which most Mathematics Professors might want to build proficiency, ranked by importance.
Knowledge areas

Importance 
Details 
Mathematics


Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.

Education and Training


Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.

Computers and Electronics


Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.

Customer and Personal Service


Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.

Administration and Management


Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.

Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.
Knowledge of principles and methods for curriculum and training design, teaching and instruction for individuals and groups, and the measurement of training effects.
Computers and Electronics
Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.
Customer and Personal Service
Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.
Administration and Management
Knowledge of business and management principles involved in strategic planning, resource allocation, human resources modeling, leadership technique, production methods, and coordination of people and resources.
Important Abilities needed by Mathematics Professors
Mathematics Professors must develop a particular set of
abilities
to perform their job well. Abilities are individual capacities that influence a person's information processing, sensory perception, motor coordination, and physical strength or endurance. Individuals may naturally have certain abilities without explicit training, but most abilities can be sharpened somewhat through practice.
For example, Mathematics Professors need abilities such as
mathematical reasoning,
oral expression, and
number facility
in order to perform their job at a high level. The list below shows several important abilities for Mathematics Professors, ranked by their relative importance.
Abilities

Importance 
Details 
Mathematical Reasoning


The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.

Oral Expression


The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.

Number Facility


The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.

Deductive Reasoning


The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.

Oral Comprehension


The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.

The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
The ability to communicate information and ideas in speaking so others will understand.
The ability to add, subtract, multiply, or divide quickly and correctly.
The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.
The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.
Critical Skills needed by Mathematics Professors
Skills
are developed capacities that enable people to function effectively in realworld settings. Unlike abilities, skills are typically easier to build through practice and experience. Skills influence effectiveness in areas such as learning, working with others, design, troubleshooting, and more.
Mathematics Professors frequently use skills like
mathematics,
speaking, and
instructing
to perform their job effectively. The list below shows several critical skills for Mathematics Professors, ranked by their relative importance.
Skills

Importance 
Details 
Mathematics


Using mathematics to solve problems.

Speaking


Talking to others to convey information effectively.

Instructing


Teaching others how to do something.

Reading Comprehension


Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in workrelated documents.

Active Listening


Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.

Using mathematics to solve problems.
Talking to others to convey information effectively.
Teaching others how to do something.
Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in workrelated documents.
Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.
What is the source of this information?
The information provided on this page is adapted from data and descriptions published by the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under the CC BY 4.0 license. TraitLab has modified some information for ease of use and reading, and the U.S. Department of Labor, Employment, and Training Administration has not approved, endorsed, or tested these modifications.
If you have any questions or suggestions about this information, please send a message.